Termites are primitive insects belonging to the order Isoptera. They live in colonies, which have a social organisation similar to that of ants, some bees and some wasps. A colony consists of several castes, which are physically different from each other and have different tasks to perform. All of the individuals are directed towards the maintenance and survival of the colony.

Important – Most pest control operators often encounter termites that are unfamiliar to them, and therefore cannot advise their clients on the habits of the termites or whether control is required. Crunch Pest Control are different as we have the knowledge, equipment and skills to accurately identify termite species in Victoria. Please use the information below as a guide only as the identification process with some species is an involved task sometimes requiring us to view the termite under a microscope to separate individual characteristics.

Porotermes Adamsoni

(Dampwood Termite)

Soldier – 12.00 ± 3.00 mm – Mandibulate.

This species is a dampwood termite requiring decayed timber to start a colony. It is mainly a pest of trees in forests, where it attacks the wood, degrading it for various purposes. Only rarely is it found timber in service where its attack is initiated in areas of dampness where there is decayed wood, from which it can move to sound wood.

Neotermes Insularis

(Ringant Termite)

Soldier – 12.00 ± 3.00 mm – Mandibulate.

Activity from this termite is mainly in the softer growth rings of timber; and in trees the workings are fairly clean, which distinguishes this species from Porotermes Adamsoni. It is a serious pest of forests on the east coast of Australia. It mainly affects Eucalypt species where its damage to the softer growth rings limits the utilisation of the timber for many purposes.

Coptotermes Acinaciformis

Soldier – 5.8 ± 0.8 mm – Mandibulate.

This is the most destructive termite species in Australia. It attacks ALL timber structures. Soil contact is preferred for this species, but not essential, provided that it has an assured moisture supply and secure habitat. They mostly nest in trees, stumps, poles, or filled-in verandahs where timber has been buried.

Coptotermes Lacteus

Soldier – 4.40 ± 0.40 mm – Mandibulate.

This species of termite is not considered a pest of buildings and living trees as it prefers dead wood in the ground, such as posts, poles and fallen trees. The wings of the alates are darker than those of Coptotermes Acinaciformis and Coptotermes Frenchi. The various forms of Coptotermes are so similar that it is best left to Crunch Pest Control to identify.

Coptotermes Frenchi

Soldier – 4.60 ± 0.60 mm – Mandibulate.

In Melbourne and suburbs of Melbourne this species has caused significant damage to buildings. Coptotermes Frenchi can be notably shier than Coptotermes Acinaciformis, sometimes causing medium amounts of damage to multiple parts of a structure while still causing major overall damage. Their soldier caste is also smaller than those of Coptotermes Acinaciformis.

Nasutitermes Fumigatus

Soldier – 3.5 ± 0.25 mm – Nasute.

These species are of little economic significance, making small colonies in the ground and feeding on decayed wood in fencing and posts. Nasutitermes Fumigatus will attack moist and weathered decking on outside verandahs.

Nasutitermes Exitiosus

Soldier – 4.20 ± 0.60 mm – Nasute.

This species will attack wood in the ground and timber in service (buildings). When they go unnoticed, severe damage occurs. Pine timbers are resistant to this species and where attack is present, hardwood timbers, particularly the sapwood of these is preferred. The soldiers of this species are difficult to identify from other Nasutitermes, therefore it is best left to Crunch Pest Control, however where soldiers are found and they are in the size range, they are most likely Nasutitermes Exitosus.

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Termites are not particularly difficult to control and here at Crunch Pest Control we have the knowledge, patience, perseverance and the right tools for the job. We do not start a job thinking that the termiticides will do all the work. We do however work in a diligent, systematic fashion, and tackle the problem at its root.

Full warranties are applied to all treatments we provide.